Intelligent things follow the Internet of Things. What Gartner means by that: physical objects that, thanks to AI, can better interact with users and their environment. This includes autonomous cars or autonomous drones. However, for at least the next five years, analysts expect that outside of well-defined, controlled areas, a human being may still need to be able to take control. At the same time, in addition to perfecting technology, it will also be about addressing regulations, laws and cultural barriers so that autonomous vehicles can spread.
A digital twin is the virtual image of a physical object or system. In the next three to five years, the market research company sees great potential here when it comes to projects for networked devices. In the best case, virtual images can not only read real information, but also gain insights and simulate changes before they are tested in reality. “City planners, digital marketers, healthcare professionals and industry planners will all benefit from this long-term shift to an integrated twin world,” says Cearley.
From the cloud to the edge
Cloud computing has become established, but that also includes its problems, especially when it comes to latency and the like. Edge computing describes a topology design in which information processing takes place closer to the source. Conceptually not in the center of the data network, but on the edge. So on IoT devices that are not constantly connected, on smartphones, tablets, etc. This is not the departure from the cloud: Gartner instead expects concepts in which complement scalable cloud and edge computing smart.
Conversational interfaces represent the next major change in interaction logic. Whether they are auditory systems or text processing systems. The advance of Amazon Alexa shows what audio interaction offers potential. But it also becomes clear which problems are still here. Users still have to communicate in a certain way so that the error rate remains low. The competition here will decide who gets the best grip, to provide the user with the smoothest possible experience and to connect third parties so that as much as possible can be controlled and triggered via the interface.
The market for virtual reality, augmented reality and mixed reality is attracting a lot of attention. But he still lacks both the traction and the clear platforms, he is fragmented. Gartner recommends that brands identify specific scenarios in which AR and VR can make their employees more productive or improve design and training processes.
Blockchain, the basic technology behind cryptocurrencies, is increasingly being used for other applications. Logistics, health, identity verification, manufacture or documentation of the supply chain are just a few fields of application. Nevertheless, Gartner estimates that it will take another two to three years for the technology to mature. More about Blockchain can be found here .
With event focus the market researcher does not mean more events. “Event driven” means that events in terms of digitally recorded events are recorded more accurately and must be responded to directly. Events in this sense is everything from a click, the completion of a purchase to the landing of an aircraft. Further technical developments (such as AI, networked devices, blockchain) facilitate the tracking and analysis of events. However, this requires employees who can also integrate appropriate logics into their concepts and processes and work reasonably with the input.
Continuous risk assessment
The latest trend is to contain the risks in the tech world, along with all the opportunities. Continuous Adaptive Risk and Trust Assessment (Carta) requires real-time flexible assessments and responses. This means that, for example, IT security should not exist separately from development. “IT says no” is a brake pad that tends to be harmful to competition. At the same time, the risks of creating new doors, such as cyber-attacks, need to be managed clearly. Hacks like that of a large number of networked devices for one of the most massive Ddos attacks ever make the risks plastic. And the security measures should be adaptive.