According to WHO figures, 2015, more than twelve million people worldwide died as a result of air pollution, with the CO2 the main cause of lung cancer, considering that very high concentrations of this gas (more than 20 %) adverse effects on humans and the pure CO2 gas is toxic.
Urban distribution of goods, better known as logistics last mile, is responsible for 25% of these emissions and account for 50% of diesel vehicles circulating in our cities, a figure that will increase each year if an alternative is not evaluated less contaminant for logistics offices.
In most developed countries, there is an increasing percentage of people living in big cities, and according to predictions, by 2030 60% of the world population will concentrate on them.
High doses of contamination
The huge concentration of people in cities, directly causes a need for more movement of people and goods, so traffic jams are higher, as well as pollution, emission of greenhouse gases, noise and energy consumption .
Based on the foregoing, it can be seen that urban areas represent particular challenges for the transport of goods, both in terms of logistic services and mainly from the point of view of environmental impact.
In addition, last mile deliveries in cities are complex and costly for both transport operators and citizens themselves. In this scenario, and thinking in the coming years, it is necessary to evaluate the urgent need for a more sustainable, efficient, agile and flexible urban logistics system.
Enhancements last mile processes
Improve the efficiency of logistics operations last mile processes is particularly important for economic growth as urban logistics represents an average figure of urban traffic, but nevertheless brings and contributes to the success of cities.
Solutions and improvements in logistics operations last mile, as an optimal selection of the type of vehicles, factors improved load, optimizing delivery routes and better access to areas of loading and unloading can be very effective economically and reduce Total cost of goods and services.
Many companies in the logistics category are already evaluating the environmental damage that the distribution of goods and services being generated by the massive use of vehicles, so they are betting on alternative means of mobility, using for example, assisted bicycles with electric motors to deliver packages in the neighborhoods of the inner city, or lighter electric vehicles, which are perfectly suited to the narrow streets.
SEUR City: a success story in Spain
In September 2016 he appeared at SEUR facilities in Madrid, the first delivery van transform Fuel Compressed Natural Gas in Spain.
It is a result of a public-private partnership led by the Madrid City Council, Axala Green Solutions, Gas Natural Fenosa and GASNAM, with the main objective of obtaining measurements of the actual use of this type of transformation pioneer in the region project, last mile distribution.
If the project is successful, it will help significantly reduce the environmental impact of urban distribution and the problem of air quality in the region.
electric cars: benefits and disadvantages
Although the technology of electric cars and natural gas is developing new and advancing rapidly, there are still aspects to improve and others that outperforms conventional cars.
Then we revise one traditional comparative analysis of electric cars versus:
Spending money on fuel is much lower with an electric car midrange. with charging $ 4 can go 600 km, while a car needs gasoline average $ 63 in fuel for the same distance.
The maximum average speed of an electric car is 130 km / h to 160 km / h traditional motor vehicle.
The electric motor is between 10% to 30% more powerful than combustion, you need only 46% of battery power to move the vehicle while the conventional is missing at least 58%.
Finally, the price of electric cars is well above the conventional vehicle, though the former has subsidized their non-polluting.
Tesla Electric Car
Advantages of electric vehicles:
- -These vehicle does not emit pollutants.
- No present waste such as oils, filters, spare parts, etc., which can pollute the environment as with conventional vehicles ..
- They -can be used in two ways: either with a hybrid engine (using combustion and electricity) or only an electric motor.
- -While in cars using petroleum fuel, yield about 800 Km per pond being that cost $ 63, electric cars yield approximately 400 km, and are priced at 4 to $ 7.
-The electric cars have little autonomy, usually no more than 8 hrs.
They need a charging time, which entails that the vehicle is stopped.
- His battery can not be charged anywhere, because they have specially designed adapters.
- His power is not as high as that of traditional vehicles.
- -usually they are small.
- -at be unique and very accessible vehicles, it is more difficult to find spare parts.
- He has a high price compared to conventional cars.
The most important thing is that logistics managers who want to make a difference in the market, achieved reflect and understand how the increased use of electric vehicles optimizes the distribution of goods and get companies to differentiate themselves from competition, thus achieving an advantage competitive in the logistics market.